Le Dr Joseph E. Doninger, MSc, BSc, est le directeur de la fabrication et de la technologie de Focus Graphite. Le Dr. Doninger est un expert en traitement du graphite de renommée internationale, inventeur de 6 brevets et auteur de plus de 29 articles et présentations techniques liés au traitement du graphite et des minéraux et à l’utilisation du graphite dans les systèmes de stockage d’énergie.

Depuis qu’il a rejoint Focus Graphite en 2012, le travail du Dr Doninger fait partie intégrante du programme de recherche et développement de l’entreprise. Son travail explore les moyens d’optimiser l’adéquation du graphite en paillettes de haute qualité que l’on trouve dans les propriétés de Focus pour diverses applications de batteries et de stockage d’énergie.

Pour lire les détails des publications et des présentations techniques du Dr Doninger (en anglais seulement), veuillez cliquer sur les liens ci-dessous.

Cycling Characteristics of Silicon Enhanced and Boronated Lac Knife Natural Flake Graphite from Quebec, Canada in Lithium Ion Batteries

36th International Battery Seminar – Fort Lauderdale, FL – March 26, 2019

The first half of this presentation covers the development of the different grades of Lac Knife flotation, purified and spherical graphites and reviewed the results of coin cell tests which showed that the Lac Knife graphite outperformed synthetic graphite over a wide range of cycle times in Li Ion battery formulations. Additional coin cell data is presented that shows that the silicon enhanced Lac Knife graphite Lithium Ion battery formulations exhibited highly stable cycling performance. The initial work conducted on treating the Lac Knife graphite with boron is very encouraging and showed excellent potential for the use of boronated graphite in high rate applications.

Electrochemical Performance of Silicon Enhanced Lac Knife Natural Flake Graphite from Quebec, Canada in Lithium Ion Batteries

35th International Battery Seminar, Fort Lauderdale FL – March 26, 2018

This presentation includes coin cell tests that were conducted on Lac Knife carbon coated spherical graphite treated with amorphous silicon at levels ranging from 4.5 to 18 wt% Si. The results showed that the reversible capacities achieved in the anode with the silicon enhanced graphite ranged from 462 to 613 mAh/g well beyond graphite’s theoretical limit of 372 mAh/g.

Electrochemical Performance of Lac Knife Graphite and Initial Results on Silicon Enhanced Graphite for Lithium Ion Batteries

Electrical Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition (EVS 30), Stuttgart, Germany – October 9, 2017

This technical paper, which was published in the EVS 30 proceedings, summarizes the electrochemical performance achieved previously on the Lac Knife natural crystalline flake graphite along with the initial results on the testing of the Lac Knife silicon enhanced graphite in lithium Ion coin cells. The data show that, at an addition level of 4.5% silicon, the application of a carbon coating to the Lac Knife spherical graphite resulted in an increase in the reversible capacity to 460 Ah/kg (See Figure 12) which is 24% higher than the theoretical capacity of 372 Ah/kg for graphite alone.as compared with a reversible capacity of 392 Ah/kg for the uncoated version (See Figure 11). Although coin cell tests at the 18% silicon addition level were only run on the uncoated version of the spherical graphite, the reversible capacity did reach 612 Ah/kg (See Figure 13) which is almost double the capacity that can be achieved with commercially available grades of synthetic and flake graphites. As noted previously, applying a carbon coating to this grade will increase the reversible capacity of the 18% silicon enhanced Lac Knife graphite even further.

Advances in the Performance of Lac Knife Natural Flake and Expanded Graphite in Electrochemical Power Sources

34th International Battery Seminar, Fort Lauderdale FL – March 20, 2017

This presentation introduces the development of a new Superfine grade of coated spherical flake graphite for high power applications that has a d50 of 11.9 microns compared with d50s of 17.4 and 23.9 microns for the Fine and Standard grades (See Figure 2 and Table 1), It also highlights the extended long term cycling performance of the Lac Knife graphite where the coin cells made with the Lac Knife flake graphite lasted about 560 cycles and only lost about 4.5% of its capacity before the end of the test compared with the performance of two commercial grades of flake graphite which had capacity losses of 10.5% and 11.7% and didn’t last as long (See Figure 4). Additional conductivity enhancement data on two new grades (d50s of 21 and 3.5 microns) of expanded graphite are compared with the performance of commercial synthetic and expanded flake graphite in Lithium Ion (See Figure 5) and Alkaline (See Figure 7) batteries.

Electrochemical Performance of Lac Knife High Purity Flake in the Anode and Cathode of Lithium Ion Batteries

16th Annual Advanced Automotive Battery Conference, Detroit, MI – June 14, 2016

This presentation includes coin cell data comparing the performance of the Lac Knife flake graphite with synthetic graphite at different charging rates and shows (See Fig. 8) that, at a C/2 charging rate, the capacity of the batteries made with the Lac Knife graphite (252 Ah/kg) was still 24% higher than what was achieved with synthetic graphite (204 Ah/kg) at the same rate. It also shows the importance of using high purity graphite to improve the long term cycling performance of Lithium Ion batteries (See Figure 13).

Long Term cycling Performance and Conductivity Enhancement Characteristics of Lac Knife Flake Graphite from Quebec, Canada

33rd International Battery Seminar, Fort Lauderdale FL – March 21, 2016

This presentation shows that the reversible capacity of Lithium Ion batteries made with Lac Knife natural flake graphite is 6% higher than what was achieved with commercial synthetic graphite (See Table 1). Initial long-term cycling tests also show that the Lac Knife graphite exhibited almost zero loss in capacity after 110 cycles when the two commercial grades of natural flake graphite tested exhibited capacity losses of 4 to 6% (See Figure 7). It also includes the process used to produce expanded Lac Knife graphite which results in the manufacture of a high performance conductive graphite that is 5 to 6 times more conductive than standard flake and synthetic graphite in the cathode of Lithium Ion batteries at a 2% addition level (See Figure 10).

Electrochemical Performance of High Purity Graphite from the Lac Knife Graphite Deposit in Quebec, Canada

32nd international Battery Seminar, Fort Lauderdale FL – March 10, 2015

The first half of this presentation covers the history of the development of the Lac Knife graphite deposit, our exploration and drilling program, and our extensive flotation pilot plant testing program used to recover a 98.3% carbon flake graphite concentrate from the Lac Knife ore (See Slide 19).The second half of this presentation shows how the Lac Knife graphite was purified, spheroidized, carbon coated and classified to produce our standard and fine grades of Lithium Ion battery grade graphite and then tested in coin cells to obtain performance data (See Slide 25) which show that the Lac Knife battery grade graphite achieved nearly theoretical reversible capacities of 365 Ah/kg and irreversible capacity losses of 1.0% and 1.4%.